Folic acid, requirement

Folic acid, requirement

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Folic acid, requirement in the course of life (pregnancy, breastfeeding, adults, children, the elderly ...), what it is for and why it is so important for our health.

Folic acid, vitamin B9, folacin or Vitamin M represent the same micronutrients. In other words, these terms are synonymous.

Folic acid, what is it for?

L'folic acidplays a vital role incell multiplication: it is essential for the synthesis of the DNA double helix. L'folic acidin addition, it participates in protein synthesis.

It is easy to understand that onefolic acid deficiencyit can have an impact on the whole organism, in particular on those cells that have a rapid turnover, primarily ired blood cells. This is why onefolic acid deficiency, protracted over time, can translate intoanemia. Furthermore, folic acid lowers the blood levels of homocysteine, an amino acid associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease and heart attack.

Folic acid in pregnancy

L'folic acidit is even more important inpregnancyas it is essential for the prevention of various congenital malformations such as:

  • spina bifida
    incomplete closure of one or more vertebrae
  • cleft lip and palate
    cleft of the anterior part of the hard palate and upper lip
  • heart defects
    alterations of the membranes that separate the two atria or the two ventricles

In pregnancy, the woman can experience adeficiencies of folic acid because the request for thisvitaminincreases: the woman needs proteins for the production of a large number of tissues! The pregnant woman must support the development of the fetus and placenta, in addition, the demand for folic acid for the synthesis of red blood cells will increase.

During pregnancy, thefolic acid supplementationin the diet it is a must for two other reasons:

  • in pregnancy, the expulsion of folic acid through the urine is 4 times higher than normal.
  • The typical symptoms of the first months of pregnancy (nausea, vomiting ...) can reduce the absorption of folic acid by up to 50%.

Need for folic acid

How Much Folic Acid Do We Need? The need for vitamin B9 varies according to the stage of life we ​​are in. Here is the folic acid requirement, on a daily basis, recommended by the Italian Society of Human Nutrition.

  • Children up to 1 year - 50 micrograms
  • Children from 1 to 3 years - 100 micrograms
  • Children from 4 to 6 years - 130 micrograms
  • Children from 7 to 10 years - 150 micrograms
  • Adults and the elderly - 200 micrograms
  • Pregnant women - 400 micrograms
  • Nursing mothers - 350 micrograms

Folic acid supplements

There is no shortage of folic acid supplements on the market, however, if you suspect a vitamin B9 deficiency, instead of aiming for DIY, go to your doctor.

Folic acid supplements are easy to find on the market and also cheap. To save on the purchase (and not skimp on quality) you can take advantage of the online purchase: on Amazon a bottle of 120 tablets of 350 micrograms is offered at a price of 8.18 euros with free shipping. For all information I invite you to read the Product Specifications.

Warning! The supplement was designed for pregnant women or nursing mothers. If you have a lower vitamin B9 requirement, choose a lower dose folic acid supplement.

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Video: Folic Acid dose in Pregnancy in 75 seconds (June 2022).