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Eleagno, plant and cultivation. The care to be devoted to planting from pots or hedges. Diseases to control, treatments, mottled varieties and the most cultivated species.
Eleagno, plant and cultivation
Eleagno, plant. That ofEleagnusit is a genus of shrubs or small saplings very interesting for the beauty of the leaves. Annually, eleagno produces small, very fragrant flowers and, in some species, even colored and edible berries.
There are about 40 species ofEleagnus, all more or less rustic and resistant. L'eleagnoit can be grown in fertile soils as well as in arid and poor ones. It can be grown among beach house plants (it resists brackish environments) as well as harsh or hot climates.
It can be grown in the garden, in a single position or in a group, it can create borders, hedges and is also well suited to growing in pots.
Thehedges of eleagnothey are very beautiful to look at and also easy to grow: theplantwithstands winter temperatures well (even in areas located in the far north of Italy). It can be used to make barriers ewindbreak hedges, shaped hedgesand protective hedges (some species, such aselaeagnus pungenshas thorns).
It is very resistant to pruning and to the formation of ahedge of eleagnoshaped, you can choose a sixth implant between 100 and 130 cm. This distance between the plants allows the hedge to close quickly without running the risk of contracting fungal diseases.
The evergreen leaves are very ornamental and thehedges of eleagnothey are also useful in areas with high pollution: the plant is not affected by traffic smog.
The only contraindication: eleagno shaped hedges can give some problems in areas where it often snows. The snow, resting on the shrub, can bend the branches and cause damage.
There are several species with mottled leaves. Among these we point out theElaeagnus X Ebbingei, a cultivar obtained by crossing the aforementioned speciesElaeagnus pungensand Elaeagnus macrophylla.
This mottled wood reaches a size of 2.5 - 3 meters. It has very dense, intense and glossy foliage. It is appreciated for its streaks and silver reflections. Annually, this plant produces white flowers.
THEflowersthey bloom between October and November, when the rest of the garden is slowed down by the cold. Even the speciesElaeagnus punegnshas mottled leaves. In this case, the plant reaches a height of 4 - 5 meters.
Eleagno umbrellata with edible fruits
The speciesElaeagnus umbrellataproducesedible fruitswhich lend themselves well to be consumed both fresh and cooked for jams, jellies, juices… They are rich in mineral salts, vitamins and antioxidants. The Elaeagnus umbrellata species flowers in May and the berries (fruits) develop in autumn.
Cultivating eleagno, useful tips
As stated, theeleagnoit is a very versatile plant. Choose a cultivar compatible with the climate of the planting area. As stated, it adapts to all types of soils, even in the poorest and most compact ones, however to make this plant thrive, opt for a sunny and well-drained soil.
Thebest period for plantingfalls between autumn and the end of winter. It can also be planted in summer or spring but a large number of emergency irrigations will need to be performed.
Prepare a planting hole deep and at least 30 - 40 cm wider than the diameter of the root ball. If the soil is unsuitable for drainage, add aggregates to the bottom (coarse sand, expanded clay, coarse gravel…). In case of poor soils, enrich the hole with organic substance (mature manure, pellets, guano…).
The plant in the ground does not require special care, nor is it prone to diseases. Being a very rustic plant, there are no preventive treatments to be performed.